Grammar lessons - Spanish
The verb ser
Gender and number
Al and del
Basic functions of estar
Ir a + infinitive
Tener que + infinitive
Regular present tense: -ar
Stem-changing verbs (o-->ue, u -->ue )
Days, months, seasons
Stem-changing verbs (e--> ie)
Introduction to gustar and encantar + infinitive
Direct object and personal a
Regular verbs: -er
Regular present-tense verbs: -ir
Verbs with an irregular first person
The verb oir
Saber vs conocer
Me gustaría, te gustaría
Stem-changing verbs o-Z ue
Stem-changing verbs e--> i
Ser vs estar
Indefinite and negative words.
Present progressive verb forms
Present participle of stem-changing verbs
Direct object pronouns
Affirmative tú commands
Negative tú commands
Direct objects with commands, progressives and infinitives
Preterite tense of regular -ar verbs
Preterite tense of regular -er and -ir verbs
Indirect object pronouns with conjugated verbs and non-conjugated verbs
Preterite tense of the verbs ir, ser, dar, hacer, decir.
Time expressions with hace+ present
Time expressions with hace + preterite
Irregular verbs in the preterite
Stem-changing verbs in the preterite (o-->u, e-->i)
Direct and indirect object pronouns in the third person.
Direct and indirect object pronouns
Expressions with the verb tener
Reflexive verbs and pronouns
Pronoun objects of prepositions, conmigo,contigo,consigo.
Imperfect tense: regular verbs
Imperfect tense : irregular verbs
Changes in meaning: preterite vs imperfect
The verbs acabar de, acabar con
Formal commands: usted and ustedes
Present subjunctive mood; present-tense forms
Impersonal expressions and the subjunctive mood
Changes required by the first syllable of the following word.
Subjunctive mood: verbs of volition, will, prohibition.
Subjunctive mood:verbs of reaction (emotion) and anticipation.
Verbs like gustar to express reaction.
Estar + adjective to express emotion.
Subjunctive mood: expressions of doubt.
Se: impersonal uses
The prepositions por and para
Subjunctive with non-existent and indefinite antecedents
Passive voice with se and with ser +past participle
Adverbs, adverbs which end in -mente.
Perfect tenses: present perfect indicative and subjunctive; pluperfect indicative.
Nominalizations with lo
Subjunctive in adverb clauses
Imperfect subjunctive and conditional sentences.
Diminutives and augmentatives