Grammar lessons - Spanish




Subject pronouns

The verb ser
Gender and number 
Definite articles 
Adjectives 
Ser de 
Al and del 
Interrogative words 
Basic functions of estar
Indefinite articles 
Infinitives 
Ir 
Ir a + infinitive 
Tener 
Tener que + infinitive 
Hay 
Possessive adjectives 
Regular present tense: -ar
Stem-changing verbs (o-->ue, u -->ue ) 
Days, months, seasons
The date
Stem-changing verbs (e--> ie)
Personal a 
Introduction to gustar and encantar + infinitive
Direct object and personal a
Regular verbs: -er
Regular present-tense verbs: -ir
Verbs with an irregular first person
The verb oir 
Saber vs conocer 
Me gustaría, te gustaría
Stem-changing verbs  o-Z ue 
Stem-changing verbs e--> i
Ser vs estar
Comparatives (equalities/inequality)
Indefinite and negative words.
Present progressive verb forms
Present participle of stem-changing verbs
Direct object pronouns
Affirmative tú commands
Negative tú commands
Direct objects with commands, progressives and infinitives
Preterite tense of regular -ar verbs
Preterite tense of regular -er and -ir verbs
Indirect object pronouns with conjugated verbs and  non-conjugated verbs
Preterite tense of the verbs ir, ser, dar, hacer, decir. 
Time expressions with hace+ present
Time expressions with hace + preterite
Irregular verbs in the preterite
Stem-changing verbs in the preterite (o-->u, e-->i)
Direct and indirect object pronouns in the third person.
Direct and indirect object pronouns
Expressions with the verb tener
Reflexive verbs and pronouns
Prepositions
Pronoun objects of prepositions, conmigo,contigo,consigo. 
Demonstratives
Imperfect tense: regular verbs
Imperfect tense : irregular verbs 
Changes in meaning: preterite vs imperfect
The verbs acabar de, acabar con
Formal commands: usted and ustedes
Present subjunctive mood; present-tense forms 
Impersonal expressions and the subjunctive mood
Changes required by the first syllable of the following word. 
Subjunctive mood: verbs of volition, will, prohibition.
Subjunctive mood:verbs of reaction (emotion) and anticipation. 
Verbs like gustar to express reaction. 
Estar + adjective to express emotion.
Subjunctive mood: expressions of doubt.
Se: impersonal uses
The prepositions por and para
Subjunctive with non-existent and indefinite antecedents
Passive voice with se and with ser +past participle
Adverbs, adverbs which end in -mente.
Nosotros commands 
Perfect tenses: present perfect indicative and subjunctive; pluperfect indicative.
Nominalizations with lo
Future tense
Subjunctive in adverb clauses
Conditional
Imperfect subjunctive and conditional sentences.
Diminutives and augmentatives










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